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January 21, 2019 - Clinical Cases

The AURORA 3D printed titanium structure, a case report by prosthetist Jorge Reyes

Jorge Reyes "Coke"

Jorge Reyes "Coke"

Dental Technician

The AURORA 3D printed titanium structure, a case report by prosthetist Jorge Reyes

 

 

Today’s prosthetists are witnessing a major evolution in our sector, driven by the digital revolution. The latest ground-breaking innovations show us that digital techniques often surpass manual or analogue methods.

INTRODUCTION

Today’s prosthetists are witnessing a major evolution in our sector, driven by the digital revolution. The latest ground-breaking innovations show us that digital techniques often surpass manual or analogue methods.

Some dental laboratories have been using CAD-CAM for at least a decade, but from the point of view of progress, it is the production centres and their R&D teams that can introduce really revolutionary innovations. AURORA and AVINENT are a clear example of this.

Coke_Aurora01

AURORA is the name given to the customised, 3D printed structures on titanium implants designed by AVINENT. This revolutionary system, developed by the company’s R&D and engineering team, creates a firm bond between the structure and the aesthetic coating, giving it excellent retention. This is because when working on a structure with either composite or acrylic, one of the aspects our clinicians insist on the most is the quality of the bond between the structure and the coating material. After extensive research, AVINENT recruited five dental laboratories to develop the AURORA structures, which provide the highly prized bond between the aesthetic coating and the structure; this, after all, accounts for 50% of the success of dental prosthetics.

So, how do AURORA structures achieve this excellent bond with the aesthetic coating? AURORA structures are printed in 3D using titanium, a material that is both sturdy and remarkably lightweight. Meshes can also be added to the structure to enhance the retention and adhesion of coating materials, such as composites, without changing the anatomy, adjustments or guarantee. AVINENT offers different finishes, depending on the type of work to be done. On the one hand, a completely meshed structure, which comes with connections and fully machined emergence profiles; and on the other, a meshed structure with a machined base, in which the base (the part that is in contact with the mucosa), the connections and the emergence profiles are machined.

Having introduced the AURORA structure, we will now report a clinical case involving a fully-meshed AURORA structure.

 

CASE REPORT

The patient was a young, edentulous man. After implant surgery and the established healing time, the patient had been given a temporary acrylic prosthesis. When the case was brought to my laboratory, the clinician stressed the importance of the aesthetics of the prosthesis and the quality of the work, as the patient was a young man with high expectations. /

PRELIMINARY TESTS

  1. First, we made the negative model to obtain the plaster master.
  2. We then tested the passive fit to ensure the model was true to the patient’s mouth.
  3. We performed tests with the articulator and face bow with the teeth in place. These are essential for scanning and designing the metal structures.
  4. We scanned the models with AVINENT Scanbodies for transepithelial abutments, which are used to correct angulations and parallelize the implants.

DESIGN AND 3D PRINTING OF THE STRUCTURE

  1. In the laboratory, we designed the AURORA structure. In this case, I designed it as a reduced anatomical restoration.
  2. I combined the meshed part for the gingival aesthetics and interproximal part. I made fully sintered abutments to avoid the mesh in this part and thus avoid possible shadows (which proved to be successful, as I later observed); and I marked it so that the base part along with the connection and the emergence profiles would be machined, thinking that this would facilitate opaqueing.
  3. I sent the STL of the design and the models to AVINENT.
  4. The milling centre studied the designs and sent a mock-up of the final structure, following the indications I provided in the order form.
  5. We accepted the optimised design.
  6. AVINENT printed the customized 3D AURORA titanium structure and sent it back to the laboratory. We received the finished structure about 5 days after accepting the final mock-up. We verified that the structure was exactly the same as the design we had made in the laboratory.
  7. We sent the structure to the clinician to check the adjustments and the fit.
  8. The doctor performed the corresponding test and observed that the structure fitted very well, with no stress.
  9. After the in situ test, we started on the coating and the final aesthetic finish in the laboratory.

 

FINAL AESTHETICS IN THE LABORATORY 

1. PREPARATION OF STRUCTURE. Although the meshing guaranteed an optimal bond between the structure and the composite, in our laboratory we follow the protocol of blasting the structure with aluminium oxide and applying the corresponding adhesive for this type of metal and structure (Signum Metal Bond I and Metal Bond II, Kulzer, Germany).

Coke_Aurora02 Coke_Aurora03*The mesh typically used in the AURORA structure makes application of the adhesive a bit more difficult.

 

2. APPLICATION OF THE OPAQUER.  I applied the first layers of opaquer. Coke_Aurora04 Coke_Aurora05*Comment: it is more difficult to apply and you have to practice applying it inside the openings, between the mesh joints, and the synthetics are not as fine as we are used to.

 

After applying the second layer of opaquer, we were able to work as if we were handling a conventional structure. The only precaution I took was not to completely fill the holes solely with opaquer in order to maintain the retention of the opaquer in the structure and to be able to fill them later with composite.Coke_Aurora05 Coke_Aurora06*Comment: I had some doubts and encountered some difficulties. If the opaquer gave good cover, would the holes between the meshes create shadows?

 3. LOADING THE COMPOSITE. Once the opaquer had been applied (both on the crowns and gums) I proceeded to load the composite. This is done in the same way as a conventional structure.Coke_Aurora05 Coke_Aurora06*Comment: Once I had finished layering the white colour and loading the gingival colour, I wondered whether shadows would appear due to the mesh holes. However, there was no need for concern: the composite covered the holes perfectly without causing any shadows.


AESTHETIC FINISH

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In terms of aesthetics, the final result of this treatment on implants with an AURORA structure with layered composite is no better or different than that achieved with other similar restorations, because after all, it all depends on the skill of the dental technician. What, then, are the advantages of AURORA structures? Let’s see:

ADVANTAGES FOR LABORATORIES

  • Better retention of coating materials
  • Retentive surface finish
  • Sturdier structure
  • Easy to handle

ADVANTAGES FOR CLINICS

  • Less abrasion on the antagonist tooth
  • Easy maintenance of soft tissues
  • Individual teeth can be modified
  • Extra comfort for patients thanks to the use of soft, more flexible biocompatible materials.

 

CONCLUSIONS

In any kind of prosthetic restoration, the biocompatibility of materials is essential. Personally, I appreciate the lightness of titanium, but that is not my priority. In my work, I do not only look for dental aesthetics, although this is the patient’s priority, but I want the aesthetics to last both in the short and long term. I want a combination of aesthetics, durability and guarantee. And with AURORA, I get all these.

 

Tags

Cad-cam, 3D printing, Materials

 


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